Status of infection control in public hospitals in KwaZulu-Natal
Keywords: antibiotic resistance, infection control
AbstractAntibiotic resistance has become a worldwide crisis in the treatment of infections. Currently, it is a major concern in healthcare facilities, as the number of nosocomial infections caused by resistant microorganisms such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, and more recently, extremely drug-resistant tuberculosis has increased.1,2 This has led to some patients being treated with experimental and potentially toxic drugs, as well as in a rise in morbidity and mortality rates.2-4 While selective pressures caused by overuse of antibiotics results in the emergence of antibiotic resistance, the failure of hospital hygiene and poor infection control contributes to its dissemination.5,6 Enormous pressure has been placed on the national and provincial departments of health to improve infection control in hospitals, particularly pursuant to the Klebsiella pneumonia outbreak at the Mahatma Gandhi Hospital.7
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