Medication reconciliation is an essential role for the pharmacist

  • Delyne Subrayen Netcare
  • Pranusha Naicker Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
  • Natalie Schellack Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
Keywords: medication reconciliation, essential role, pharmacist

Abstract

Adverse drug events (ADEs) have been found to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality in healthcare systems around the world. More than 50% of ADEs are preventable, and have been demonstrated to be the result of an incomplete medication history, prescribing or dispensing error, and the over- or underuse of prescribed pharmacotherapy. The main aim of implementing medication reconciliation in a hospital setting is to avoid ADEs, a prevalent patient safety issue. Medication reconciliation is the process of creating the most accurate list possible of all medications a patient is taking, including drug name, dosage, frequency and route, and then comparing that list against the admission, transfer, and/or discharge orders. Medication reconciliation is one of World Health Organization’s High 5s initiative to improve patient safety. The implementation of the International Standard Operating Procedure for Medication Reconciliation led to a 50% reduction in medication discrepancies in developed countries. Implementing the medication reconciliation in the hospitals of South Africa may reduce medication errors.

Author Biographies

Delyne Subrayen, Netcare
BPharm Pharmacist Sunward Park Hospital Netcare
Pranusha Naicker, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
BPharm Academic Intern Department of Pharmacy Faculty of Health Sciences Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
Natalie Schellack, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
BCur, BPharm, PhD (Pharmacy) Associate Professor Department of Pharmacy Faculty of Health Sciences Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
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