An overview of insomnia and its management

  • Audrey K Chigome Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
  • Sandra Nhira Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
  • Hannelie (JC) Meyer Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
Keywords: insomnia disorder, comorbidities, pharmacological management, cognitive behavioural therapy

Abstract

Adequate quality sleep is essential for good health and quality of life. Nevertheless, the prevalence of insomnia disorder, which can be acute (short-term) or chronic, is increasing globally. This article provides an overview of insomnia and its management. The main causes of, and risk factors for insomnia are described, and the criteria for making an accurate diagnosis. The management of insomnia, which is commonly a combination of cognitive behavioural therapy and pharmacological treatment, is discussed as well as the important role pharmacists can play, not only in the management of insomnia but also in identifying the underlying cause/s of sleep disturbances.

Author Biographies

Audrey K Chigome, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
BPharm School of Pharmacy Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
Sandra Nhira, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
BPharm School of Pharmacy Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
Hannelie (JC) Meyer, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
BPharm, MSc(Med) Pharmacy, PhD (Pharmacy) Associate Professor Department of Pharmacy Faculty of Health Sciences Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
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