Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and its management

  • Audrey K Chigome Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
  • Moreblessing M Matsangaise Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
  • Hannelie (JC) Meyer Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
Keywords: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, adult ADHD, comorbidity, psychotherapy, behavioural interventions

Abstract

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a psychiatric condition that is increasingly recognised to occur in adulthood and has been associated with several negative outcomes, including depression, substance abuse, lower academic attainment, unemployment, and excess mortality. Seventy percent of individuals with adult ADHD never had a childhood diagnosis, making adult ADHD a complex disorder. Unfortunately, many patients suffering from ADHD are either undiagnosed or misdiagnosed while those that have been diagnosed are often stigmatised and do not receive optimal therapy. Diagnosis and treatment are complicated by the presence of comorbid disorders. Early and accurate diagnosis can help improve patient outcomes. Comprehensive care and therapy for patients includes pharmacological management, behavioural interventions and support.

Author Biographies

Audrey K Chigome, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
BPharm School of Pharmacy Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
Moreblessing M Matsangaise, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
BPharm School of Pharmacy Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
Hannelie (JC) Meyer, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
BPharm, MSc(Med) Pharmacy, PhD (Pharmacy) Associate Professor Department of Pharmacy Faculty of Health Sciences Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
Published
2018-06-17
Section
Reviews