Management of croup in children

Mncengeli Sibanda, Zandile Gumede


Laryngotracheobronchitis, commonly known as croup, is a respiratory illness, often mild, which occurs most frequently in children between six months and three years of age. It is characterised by a seal-like ‘barking’ cough, hoarseness of the voice and inspiratory stridor which is preceded by fever, rhinorrhoea and a non-specific cough. Respiratory distress and lethargy are uncommon exacerbations of croup which may be potentially life threatening. This article provides an overview of croup, including the epidemiology and clinical manifestations and the management thereof.


croup; laryngotracheobronchitis; laryngotracheitis; respiratory distress; respiratory tract infections in children; pharmacist

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