Management of croup in children

  • Mncengeli Sibanda Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
  • Zandile Gumede Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
Keywords: croup, laryngotracheobronchitis, laryngotracheitis, respiratory distress, respiratory tract infections in children, pharmacist

Abstract

Laryngotracheobronchitis, commonly known as croup, is a respiratory illness, often mild, which occurs most frequently in children between six months and three years of age. It is characterised by a seal-like ‘barking’ cough, hoarseness of the voice and inspiratory stridor which is preceded by fever, rhinorrhoea and a non-specific cough. Respiratory distress and lethargy are uncommon exacerbations of croup which may be potentially life threatening. This article provides an overview of croup, including the epidemiology and clinical manifestations and the management thereof.

Author Biographies

Mncengeli Sibanda, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
BPharm, MPharm, MSc Pharmacology, MBA School of Pharmacy Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
Zandile Gumede, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
BPharm School of Pharmacy Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
Published
2018-12-03
Section
Reviews