Atopic Dermatitis – An Update

  • Deirdre Engler Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
  • Freddy Makola Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
  • Nichollis Magongwa Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
Keywords: Atopic dermatitis, pruritus, filaggrin, FLG gene, microbiome, Th2 cells

Abstract

The aetiology of atopic dermatitis is multi-faceted and affects our first line host defence, the skin. Atopic dermatitis has a significant influence on a patients’ social and occupational functioning and can have long-lasting effects. The signs and symptoms of AD includes pruritus, erythema, fissuring, and lichenification, which can be reduced by the use of moisturizing agents. Guidelines on how to manage atopic dermatitis aims to improve symptoms and achieve long-term disease control. Patient education remains as important as other treatment strategies and the pharmacist plays an integral role in educating patients on the management of their condition and adherence to therapy.

Author Biographies

Deirdre Engler, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
BPharm, BSc Hons (Pharmacology), MSc Med (Clinical Pharmacy) Lecturer School of Pharmacy Faculty of Health Sciences Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
Freddy Makola, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
BPharm, Academic Intern (Masters in Pharmacy) School of Pharmacy Faculty of Health Sciences Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
Nichollis Magongwa, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
BPharm, Academic Intern (Masters in Pharmacy) School of Pharmacy Faculty of Health Sciences, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
Published
2018-10-29
Section
Reviews