An overview of allergic conjunctivitis

  • N Schellack Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
  • N Shirindza Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
  • T Mokoena Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
Keywords: allergic disease, antihistamine, anaphylaxis, atopy, atopic march, rhinitis, sinusitis

Abstract

Allergic diseases affect many people across the globe. They significantly impact on the quality of life of the people who are affected, creating personal and economic predicaments. Some of the most commonly diagnosed allergic diseases include atopic dermatitis, rhinitis, allergic conjunctivitis and sinusitis. Allergic conjunctivitis is an allergic disease characterised by the inflammation of the conjunctiva caused by airborne allergens; it presents as itching, excessive lacrimation, discharge and pink eye. Usually it is associated with other allergic conditions such as allergic rhinitis and bronchial asthma. Allergic conjunctivitis is further divided into acute, seasonal allergic conjunctivitis (SAC), and perennial allergic conjunctivitis (PAC).

Author Biographies

N Schellack, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University

School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University

N Shirindza, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University

School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University

T Mokoena, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University

School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University

Published
2019-08-21
Section
Reviews