Early and late phase allergic rhinitis – pathogenesis and treatment options
Allergic rhinitis is an inflammatory condition affecting the nasal mucosa. It presents as nasal itching, sneezing and rhinorrhoea during the early phase. This is often followed by a secondary inflammatory response that occurs 6–12 hours later resulting in nasal congestion. This article discusses the early and late phase pathogenesis of allergic rhinitis, treatment options, and recommendations for a stepwise treatment plan.