Throat infections, referred to as pharyngitis, are most commonly of viral origin; however, bacterial pharyngitis does occur, in which case group A streptococci (GAS) is the most observed causative pathogen. Regardless of the aetiology, pharyngitis is typically a self-limiting condition. Viral cases are managed by providing symptomatic treatment of inflammation and pain. GAS is managed with antimicrobials, after a Centor Criteria score has been calculated and a throat swab or rapid antigen test performed, should it be indicated. The biggest concern with GAS is the associated complications such as acute rheumatic fever, which enforces the importance of an accurate diagnosis.